Site Contents

Valid XHTML 1.0 Strict

path of fatal bullet

Path of fatal bullet. See page 22 of PDF file.

Home Page

Ambush in Dealey Plaza

Articles, Essays


  • Page 1
  • Page 2
  • etc.


  • Abraham Lincoln
  • etc.


  • YouTube
  • etc.

Deep Thinkers

  • David Hume
  • Epicurus
  • etc.


  • A Game of Chess
  • annotated games
  • advice
  • etc.

Asperger's Syndrome

  • Personal Biography
  • information
  • etc.

Killing Tippit and Capturing Oswald

Jack Ray Tatum

He was at the corner of Patton and East Tenth in his car. He watched Tippit being shot. He says Tippit got out of his car with his gun drawn and started to go to the front of the car. The killer then shot him three times and walked over to the fallen Tippit and shot him in the head.

Helen Markham

She was standing right next to Tatum's car at Patton and Tenth. She saw a man walking toward the police car and then stop and walk over to the car and chat with Tippit for awhile. He, then, stepped back from the car and Tippit got out of the car with his gun drawn. At that point, the man near the car shot him. Then she saw the gunman dropping shells and come toward her and turn south along Patton.

Domingo Benavides

He was driving his truck west along East Tenth street. Tippit's car was facing east and he saw him get out of his car and then was shot by a man on the curb side of the car. He drove his truck to the curb and stopped. He saw the gunman remove the shells from his gun and drop them as he moved toward Patton. Then, he fell down into the floorboards of his truck for a few minutes fearing the gunman would come back to kill him. Although, Benavides was the closest to the killer, the police did not have him view a lineup with Oswald. He was shown a picture of Oswald and said he thought he was the killer but he has said other things that leave doubt.

Acquilla Clemons

She lived close by and said she saw two gunmen close to Tippit's car after the shooting. They ran in opposite directions after the shooting. She describes the two men: neither matches Oswald. Her testimony was not included in the Warren Commission Report.

Frank Wright

He lived near by and came out of his house right after he heard shots. He said he saw a man in a long coat standing by the fallen Tippit, and, then, this man ran to a car, which quickly drove away. His observations were not included in the report.

photo of Oak Cliff Dallas

To enlarge the photo press Ctrl plus +. The only labels we know are true in this illustration, are the ones stating Oswald stopped at his rooming house and where he was captured. But this photo does give one a perspective of where the events occurred

No one disputes Oswald arrived at his rooming house at 1pm or a little after and left about four minutes later. The police claimed Officer Tippit was killed around 1:16pm. That has been proved to be a fraud. The FBI took the tapes of reports to the dispatcher, and made a copy. Investigators found two 60cycle humms on the tape. That's a give-away the tape was altered. Eye witnesses put the time of the murder at 1:06pm. It's a vexing problem for the 'Lone Gunman' supporters to show how Oswald got to the crime scene in a couple of minutes. Where Officer Tippit was killed, is a mile and a tenth from Oswald's rooming house. It would take about a 20 minute brisk walk to go that distance.

The Dallas Police tell us Oswald left the shells from his revolver and his jacket at the scene of the crime, and to make sure the police and the FBI had enough good evidence, it seems he left his wallet as well.

map of tippit murder witness locations

To enlarge the map press Ctrl plus +. 1 Tatum 2 Markham 3 Benavides 4 killer 5 Clemons 6 Scroggins 7 Tippit 8 Wright

Tippit's Wounds

The shooter on the curb side of the car was an excellent shot. Although, Tippit was moving, he placed three shots in Tippit's chest, likely killing him instantly. Neither Domingo Benavides or Helen Markham saw this man shoot Tippit in the head. Benavides said he ducked down on the floor boards of his truck and Helen Markham may have been looking at the shooter coming toward her and therefore not see the second shooter. But there is a bullet hole in Tippit's right temple, as if the shooter stood over him making sure he was dead.

Why was Officer Tippit Killed?

The suspicious actions of Officer Tippit, just before he was killed, leads one to believe he was involved with the crime.

Why was he on East Tenth Street, in the area where both Oswald and Ruby lived? This was District 91: Tippit's District was 78. All patrol cars in 91 were ordered to Dealey Plaza or Parkland Hospital.

The three supervisors responsible for the patrol cars had no explanation why Tippit was in 91. Officer Mentzel was already covering this district. They did not come up with anything until four months later, an explanation that has been discredited by analysts. The original transcripts do not mention this dispatch.

Why did Tippit draw his gun when he got out of his patrol car? It was found partly under his body.

Why did he make a mysterious phone call, from a record shop, and leave quickly, without speaking to the two men, who worked there, although, he knew them?

Why did he take off, at a high rate of speed, from his position, of watching the street, Oswald had to take to get to the theater, to go to East Tenth Street?

Officer Tippit knew Jack Ruby and there's evidence he knew Oswald as well. It's, also, reported he was involved with the Mafia.

Jim Garrison believes Officer Tippit was, also, set up like Oswald; the plotter's method of making a connection to Oswald, or his look-alike, going into the Texas Theater. Why would anyone notice a guy going into the show except that everyone, in that area, would, now, be a suspect if they at all looked like Oswald?

I believe, we can infer from his actions, just prior to his being killed, Officer Tippit was involved with the crime.

Oswald killed Tippit: The Warren Commission

The WC said Oswald left his rooming house at 1026 N. Beckley and walked south along Beckley towards the theater. For some reason, he turned east along Davis and, then, along Crawford and, then, east along East Tenth Street; where he was confronted by Tippit and shot him. He, then, ran along Patton to Jefferson, and, then, to the Texas theater, where he was captured.

The DP say they collected the following evidence: a revolver found on Oswald, shell casings that matched the gun, Oswald's jacket and also his wallet. They, also, have a number of witnesses that identified Oswald as the shooter.

The WCs description does not explain the facts and is not in anyway believable.


The report tells us Oswald left his rooming house around 1:04--1:06pm and walked to the place where he shot Tippit at 1:15. The vexing problem for the WC is getting Oswald to the crime scene in time. No one saw Oswald walking anywhere in this heavily populated area of Oak Cliff.

The affidavit by Helen Markham, 90 minutes after Tippit was shot, times the murder at 1:06pm. She said she left her house at 1:04. It's a two minute walk to where she witnessed Tippit being killed. T. F. Bowley's affidavit corroborates Helen Markham's story to the minute. He looked at his watch when he stopped his car at the crime scene. It was 1:10. Benavides' statement tells us, the crime was committed a few minutes before that time, putting the time of the shooting at 1:06.

Oswald was seen standing on Beckley, in front of his rooming house, at that time. A walk, timed by a WC investigator, found it would have taken Oswald almost 18 minutes to get to the crime scene. That would make his arrival at the scene near 1:24. This time is based on Oswald walking east along E. Tenth street as reported by the WC. Five witnesses and the official Dallas police report, have him walking west.

The time, the WC gave for the shooting of Tippit, is 1:15. This time is based on Benavides calling the dispatcher right after he witnessed the shooting. He said three times he ducked down on the floor boards of his truck for a few minutes. Even his WC transcript states that. They took Tippit to Memorial Hospital about a mile and a half north of the crime scene. On arriving the doctors tried to revive him, which is standard procedure. Doctor Ligdori declared Tippit dead, on the death certificate, at 1:15. The WC stated they used the DPD tape to work out the time of Tippit's death. They could not let the time of 1:06 stand as that would prove Oswald did not kill Officer Tippit.

Both Helen Markham and Domingo Benavides saw the killer pause after shooting Tippit and take the empty shell casings from his revolver and drop them on the ground. The gun has to be broken open and the casings taken out. The casings are first class evidence. They can put the gun owner at the scene of the crime. They expect us to believe Oswald would deliberately leave this evidence at the crime scene and, also, keep his gun so he can be linked to the murder.

The Jacket

They would, also, have us believe, he would take off his jacket and leave it at the crime scene. He put on his jacket to cover the gun. But, now, although, he still kept the gun, it seems he did not need to hide it. The jacket the police said they found was size medium. All Oswald's clothing were small size. The jacket had two laundry tags, yet the FBI could not match either tag to any of the several hundred commercial laundries in the Dallas area. No other clothing of Oswald's was taken to a laundry. Marina said she washed her husband's jacket.

The Wallet

FBI, Special Agent, James Hosty, claims Captain Westbrook found Oswald's wallet near Officer Tippit's body. It was photographed by Ron Reiland of WFAA-TV, as it was held by Sgt. Bud Owens, and inspected by Officer Doughty. FBI Agent, Bob Barrett, spoke to Dallas Police Captain Westbrook about the wallet and the Oswald/Hidell identifications. Oswald's wallet was, also, found on him a short time later, in his left rear pocket by Detective Paul Bentley, at the theater, when he was arrested. It was, also, reported found at his rooming house.

Apparently, Oswald was in the habit of carrying incriminating evidence in his wallet. The police said they found a fake ID card in the name of A. Hidell and papers proving he was a Communist in his wallet. This was not mentioned in police reports for many days after the crime.

If the Hidell card was in Oswald's wallet, how did Detective Bentley determine which ID was the right one?

Hosty and Oswald

Agent Hosty was the ranking FBI agent in Dallas at this time, and had a relationship with Oswald. Just before the assassination, Oswald left a note for Hosty. After the crime Hosty flushed this note down the toilet. Many think Oswald had given Hosty information about the plot. Hosty, also, released the 'tramps', found in a box car directly behind the Grassy Knoll, immediately, after the shooting, without taking their names. It's likely he was the one who released Eugene Bradings, a Mafia thug arrested immediately after the shooting, in the Dal-Tex building. He was trying to get down the freight elevator. Hosty was up to his neck in this crime.

Shell Casings and Slugs

The police gathered four shell casings at the crime scene. They tell us, two were Winchester Westerns and two Remington-Peters. Three slugs from Tippit's body were Remington-Peters and one was a Winchester Western. This makes sense, as both Benavides and Markham said they heard three shots, and three bullets did hit Tippit in the front chest. This is strong evidence there were two shooters at the crime scene as reported by Aquilla Clemons, Frank Wright and Jack Tatum. Test firings from the pistol, they say is Oswald's, show the barrel was oversize, and the test slugs could not be identified as coming from the gun.

Officer J.M. Poe received two casings from Domingo Benavides and he marked them, as he was told to do, by Sergeant Gerald Hill. The shells, the Commission showed him later, did not have his markings. Sergeant W. E. Barnes marked the other two shell casings.

Police Sergeant Gerald Hill, radioed the dispatcher at 1:32, from the crime scene, "The shells at the scene indicate that the suspect is armed with an automatic .38 rather than a pistol". Officer Hill said the word, 'auto', was printed on the bottom of the casing he had. This casing would have been ejected automatically if the gun were an automatic. The gun, they say they found on Oswald, was a revolver. One has to deliberately take the casings out of a revolver. Most of this information I got from the work of Michael T. Griffith, the best commentator on the killing of Tippit and Kennedy.


Helen Markham said the killer put his hand on the door and the right fender of Tippit's car. The prints collected by the crime lab do not match Oswald's.

How Tippit was killed.

Tippit was sent to East Tenth Street by the dispatcher to check out a sighting of Oswald. The impersonator was walking west along East Tenth Street, toward the car, and walked over to Tippit's car when he stopped. Oswald could not possibly have been where Tippit was shot, but too many witnesses said they saw Oswald at the crime scene to ignore or try to explain away. I believe a reasonable explanation is that an Oswald look-a-like killed Tippit. Although, even with this explanation, there are variances in the description of the killer.

The Impostor

There were many instances of someone impersonating Oswald before and after the crimes. J.Edgar Hoover noted on Oswald's file in 1960, that someone was using Oswald's birth certificate to impersonate him. Many witnesses saw someone who looked like Oswald that day. Roger Craig and Mrs. James Forrest saw a man, they said was Oswald, run from the Book Depository and get into a Rambler Station Wagon. At that time, Oswald was in a taxi heading to his rooming house.

Bernard Haire, who owned Bernie's Hobby Shop near the Texas Theater, saw the police take a man, who looked like Oswald, out the rear of the theater, put him in a police car and drive off. At 2:00pm, T.F. White saw a man, he identified as Oswald, sitting in a car near the Texas theater. This man sped off when T.F. White approached, but he did get the license number, which proved to be from a car owned by Tippit's best friend. While Oswald was in jail, Mary Lawrence, head waitress at the Lucas B-B Restaurant, told the FBI she saw Ruby with Oswald in the restaurant at 1:00am Nov. 23. She had known Ruby for eight years. Mr. Stark, owner of the Top Ten Record Shop, said Oswald was waiting for him to open his shop, on the morning of the killing, and he bought a concert ticket. The photo, the police say, is Oswald being taken from the theater, I believe, is the impostor. His chin looks deliberately blacked out. And see, photo of impostor on page 38, in police station. Oswald was, also, seen at Dobbs House Restaurant and the Jiffy store that day and by Mr. Clark and W.L. Smith.

The FBI interviewed many people who placed Oswald in different places at the same time. Nearly all of these interviews were suppressed. Dallas Police Lt. Jack Revill, told fellow officers, the FBI was suppressing a lot of evidence. FBI officials commented on how unusual the investigation was, because no agent was allowed to pursue any kind of lead to it's logical conclusion. Many witnesses claimed the FBI pressured them to change their stories if they contradicted the Lone Gunman Theory. They also said their statements were misrepresented and that only selected parts were used.

An Excellent Shot

Tippit did not draw his gun at the confrontation on East Tenth Street. Did he know the man he confronted? They did talk for a while. I think this impersonator, then, told Tippit he was going to kill him, and that's why Tippit got out of the car with his gun drawn. This shooter was an excellent shot and the shots he made would have required considerable skill. He put three bullets close to Tippit's heart while Tippit was moving. There's no evidence Oswald had ever fired a pistol. Oswald's gun was not tested to see if had been fired that day. These three bullets were the three Remington-Peters slugs found in Tippit. I believe the other shooter was a Mafia man. He used a .38 automatic, and he was the one Tatum saw shoot Tippit in the head as Mafia killers do. This man ran to a car and left the scene as described by Frank Wright. The look-alike took the empty shell casings from his gun and left them at the scene. He, then, ran to Patton Street and then to the theater. He was seen there by B.Haire and T.F. White.

T. F. Bowley arrives at 1:10.

Mr. T. F. Bowley checked his watch; it was 1:10, when he arrived at the crime scene. He walked across the road, saw Officer Tippit was dead, saw Benavides was having trouble with the radio, and took it from him, to complete the call. An original police transcript, found in the National Archives, lists the time of this transmission at 1:10.

The following affidavit by T.F. Bowley and Helen Markham's affidavit, 90 minutes after Tippit was shot, prove the real Oswald did not kill Tippit.

T. F. Bowley's Affidavit


BEFORE ME, Mary Rattan, a Notary Public in and for said County, State of Texas, on this day personally appeared T.F. Bowley w/m/35 of 1454Summertime Lane, TE6 5965 who, after being by me duly sworn, on oath deposes and says:

On Friday November 22, 1963 I picked up my daughter at the R. L.Thornton School in Singing Hills at about 12:55 pm. I then left the school to pick up my wife who was at work at the Telephone Company at Ninth Street and Zangs Street. I was headed north on Marsalis and turned west on 10th Street. I traveled about a block and noticed a Dallas police squad car stopped in the traffic lane headed east on10th Street. I saw a police officer lying next to the left front wheel. I stopped my car and got out to go to the scene. I looked at my watch and it said 1:10 pm. Several people were at the scene.

When I got there, the first thing I did was try to help the officer. He appeared beyond help to me. A man was trying to use the radio in the squad car but stated he didn't know how to operate it. I know how and took the radio from him. I said, Hello, operator. A police officer has been shot here. The dispatcher asked for the location. I found out the location and told the dispatcher what it was.

A few minutes later an ambulance came to the scene. I helped load the officer onto the stretcher and into the ambulance. As we picked the officer up, I noticed his pistol laying on the ground under him. Someone picked the pistol up and laid it on the hood of the squad car.

When the ambulance left, I took the gun and put it inside the squad car. A man took the pistol out and said, "Let's catch him." He opened the cylinder, and I saw that no rounds in it had been fired. This man then took the pistol with him and got into a cab and drove off. The police arrived and I talked to a police sergeant at the scene. I told him I did not witness the shooting and after questioning me, he said it was all right for me to leave. I then went on to the Telephone Company office at Ninth and Zangs.

/s/ T. F. Bowley SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN BEFORE ME THIS 2 DAY OF December A.D. 1963 /s/ Mary Rattan Notary Public, Dallas County, Texas

Oswald Captured

oswald at press conference

Press conference, in which Oswald said he did not shoot anyone and requested a lawyer. Captain Fritz and the FBI questioned Oswald for 12 hours without a lawyer, although, he requested one. He talked freely as an innocent person would.

The Texas Theater Trap
arresting fake Oswald

Why was this photo cropped so close? By all accounts there were scores of people at the front of the theater when they brought Oswald out. Why can't we get a good look , at the person the police say is Oswald, especially his chin, which seems to be deliberately blocked out with a rectangular shadow?

There were so many strange and suspicious goings on, in and around the theater, one is compelled to believe they set a trap for Oswald.

I'm basing the following story on the belief Oswald did not kill Tippit, because he could not get to the crime scene in time. Three eye witnesses put the time of the killing at 1:06pm and two place him at the theater between 1:07 and 1:15.

Oswald at his Rooming House

Earlene Roberts, Oswald's house keeper, says Oswald arrived at 1pm, or just after, and stayed only, long enough to change out of his work clothes. By this time, he must have known he was in trouble, so, he, also, took a revolver and a jacket to cover it. As Oswald was involved with the CIA and the FBI, and was a Marxist and had lived in Russia for three years, he instinctively felt he needed personal protection. He would have needed the jacket to cover the concealed gun, which begs the question; why would he throw his jacket away, as the Dallas police said, and keep the gun if he shot Tippit? Now, he would have to walk around with an unconcealed gun.

According to Earlene Roberts, just after Oswald arrived, a police car stopped in front of the house, and sounded the horn twice. Oswald left right after this signal.

Earlene Roberts said, the last time she saw Oswald, he was standing at the bus stop, which must have been around 1:04-1:06.

Was Oswald driven to the theater?

Jack Davis said, he saw Oswald at the theater around 1:07, while the credits were running for the first movie. This time would make sense, if the person or persons, who signaled Oswald by sounding the horn, also, took him to the theater. The theater is about a mile from the rooming house—about a two minute drive at 30 miles an hour. There's no evidence he took a bus or taxi, so he was driven there. He did not have time to walk.

Making Contact

Jack Davis tells us, while the credits for the first movie were running, a man sat next to him, which he thought strange, as there were only about 20 people in the theater, which holds 900. After a few minutes, the man got up, crossed the aisle, and sat beside another man. He did this a number of times. After a few minutes, he got up, again, and went to the lobby. Some minutes later, the lights came on, and he went to the lobby to see why. Just, then, the police came through the front door. The man they brought out was the man who sat beside him; Lee Oswald.

Was Oswald told by the agent(s) there would be someone to meet him in the theater? Sitting next to various people, would have been a way to make contact with someone he did not know.

Butch Burroughs, also, said he saw Oswald, when he came to the concession stand about 1:15, which corroborates Jack Davis' story.

Some, of the twenty four theater patrons, would have remembered Oswald, as well, but the list of their names and addresses, taken by the Dallas Police, disappeared.

They surrounded the theater.

How did 13 police cars get to the theater so fast based on a possible sighting of Oswald? Why did Assistant District Attorney Alexander, who had never been at an arrest before, show up for a report someone who had not paid for his ticket? Why were he and a number of police officers waiting at the back door of the theater? Jim Garrison thought Oswald was supposed to have been killed at the theater. How did someone, sitting in the front row of the darkened theater, know, exactly, where Oswald was sitting and told this to Officer N. McDonald, who had started to search the theater? This story was told, by Officer McDonald to reporter Sylvia Meagher, and reported in The Dallas Morning News the next day, signed by Officer McDonald.

They knew his name.

An officer knew Oswald's name before this. He said Oswald's name, to Julia Postal, as they took Oswald out the front of the theater. They knew Oswald's name before they entered the theater.

A Disturbing Connection

The Warren Commission told us Oswald was at police headquarters by 2:00 pm. But shortly after 2:00 pm, Mr. T.F. White, saw a man he later identified, as Lee Harvey Oswald, sitting in a car, with the engine running, behind a large billboard sign in the El Chico parking lot. This was six blocks from the Texas Theater. As White approached the car, the man sped off throwing gravel with his rear tires. The license plate, whose number White wrote down, belonged to a vehicle owned by, Collins Radio employee, Carl Mather. Mather was the best friend of Dallas Police Officer J.D. Tippit. He was granted immunity when interviewed by the HSCA. His interview remains classified secret.